WELCOME TO LA HIRUELA
Enjoy a spot without equal
La Hiruela is not just a regular place, it is a singular town. A privileged enclave of the Sierra del Rincón. Its houses of stone, adobe and Oak wood from the local meadow have hardly undergone modifications in its structure since its construction, which confers to La Hiruela an architectural identity that situates it as one of the best preserved villages in the Community of Madrid. Some of the buildings and traditional elements protected are the Fountain, the Flour Mill, the banks of the Jarama River, the Town Hall and the Old School, the latter has been transformed into a Social Gathering Canteen, the Priest´s House and the School Teachers House.
The extraordinary location of La Hiruela will allow you to
take walking routes along incredible paths between forests,streams and meadows. You can also visit medieval villages such as Buitrago, the lush forests of the Beech Grove of Montejo or the spectacular valleys of La Puebla.
Recognized by UNESCO
In the year 2005 the Sierra del Rincón, where La Hiruela is located, became part of the global network of Biosphere reserves, being listed as such and internationally recognized in the UNESCO Man and Biosphere Programme.
Authentic Nature Reserve, La Hiruela has an enviable natural environment. Thanks to its secular isolation, it has managed to preserve an ecosystem with unaltered landscape values over the centuries. From the magnificent viewpoint of the port, we can contemplate a broken landscape of hills and mountains, forests and meadows,valleys and streams that will delight all trekking enthusiasts. The high course of the Jarama River, of clean and crystalline waters, and the numerous streams that run its term, mark the natural border with Guadalajara.
The Dehesa de La Hiruela, with prodigious Melojo and Albar oaks, is its most interesting natural space with a variety of vegetation.
Hazels, Birches, Junipers… and a whole concentration of Greenery make it more similar to northern Spain.
More information and activities highlighted in www.sierradelrincon.org
History of La Hiruela
There is no data on the founding of the village or on the origin of its name but, possibly, the first settlement occurred between the 12th and 13th century, after the reconquest and repopulation of the entire area.
Since 1490, and due to its difficulties of communication with the rest of the populations, it possessed a certain autonomy and had the legal status of Villazgo, obtaining the rank of Cañada Real, proving its importance in livestock farming. La Hiruela retained its right to pasture, water, coal, hunting and fishing during the16th and 17th century.
In the mid-nineteenth century the number of inhabitants was 128. Since then, the population has been declining progressively, especially from the 1960´s, due to the intense emigration to Madrid.
Currently, La Hiruela retains an important ethnological heritage and maintains its original urban fabric without performances that degrade it or constructions of second residence outside the urban centre.